Japanese food is usually cut up conveniently for eating, so a knife is not necessary.
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On the whole, this is the same as for foreign meals, but the following points should be noted...
- 1) When various dishes appear together, for example miso-soup, clear soup, chawanmushi (steamed egg and fish or meat), the hot things should be partaken of first.
- 2) The lids of bowls containing hot things are somewhat difficult to remove, owing to the steam inside, so the bowl must be held firmly, and then the lid may be easily taken off, and put upside down on the table.
- 3) Japanese food is usually cut up conveniently for eating, so a knife is not necessary.
- 4) Chopsticks—One of the two chopsticks is held between the first and second fingers, and moved, the other chopstick is held between the thumb and third finger.
- 5) The vessel is taken up in the right hand, placed in the palm of the left, and the food is eaten with the right hand holding the chopsticks.
- 6) When the meal is over, all lids must be replaced.
- 7) When chopsticks are taken from an envelope, they should be put back in it after use.
- 8) When no more wine is desired, the cup should be placed on the stand upside down. –Shin Nichibei, 1954
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