Sunday, August 7, 2016

Etiquette and Kowtowing

The Guangxu Emperor, Zaitian (Manchu: Dzai-Tiyan), was the 11th Emperor of the Qing dynasty, and the 9th Qing Emperor to rule over China
Gong, the Emperor of China, has been struck by a change in court etiquette. He will henceforth receive foreign ministers once a year, and will excuse them from performing the kowtow, which consists in entering his presence on all-fours, like a dog, and bumping their heads, three times on the floor. — As reported in the Daily Alta News, 1891

Etiquette Enthusiast, Maura J Graber, is the Site Moderator and Editor for the Etiquipedia© Etiquette Encyclopedia